History of the guesthouse Černý sklep – Black Cellar

History of the cellar:

The first Czech owner of the wine cellar was from 1945 Mr Bohuslav Minařík Sen., who made wine there until 2001 when he died in the age of 76. The cellar corridor was originally longer than 120 m , however, in 1970 it was filled up with sand due to the concern of landslide. As the sewage piping was leaking above the corridors the soil was soaked and in the neighbourhood one cellar was even caved-in. Luckily, there was nobody inside at the time, but all wine including rare vintage wine collection was all gone. Therefore the main cellar corridor is only 25 m long today. Mr Bohuslav Minařík Jun. – son – sold us the house in 2007. Mr Bohuslav Minařík Sen. served in Dobšice at the German farmers – Franz and Ann Scheiber in the house No. 78. The older couple didn’t collaborate with the Germans and therefore weren’t forced after the war by the Beneš Decrees to leave, however they felt to be the Germans and so they did left. Young farm labourer Minařík requested the farm, fields and wine cellar, which they left behind and was successful. At the time when agricultural cooperatives were established, every field owner was forced to join them including their whole families. Mr Minařík Sen. wanted his sons to have a chance to learn other trade by their own choice and so he swept his house for a house without fields and that way he escaped the cooperative duty. Nevertheless he kept the cellar because he felt in love with wine-making. This big love stayed with him for all his life.

As a matter of interest we can add that the neighbouring cellar (closer to the main road) was owned by the old family of Požár from No. 75 and granny of the present owner Mrs Marie Požárová sold the cellar in the 70s for 3.000 CZK (circa 110 EUR), because all her lands including vineyards were taken by the cooperative and so there was no wine to make in the cellar.

As the first written mention about Dobšice dates back to the 12th century, we have a good reason to assume that cellar building reaches back to 400-500 years, maybe more. Preserved in some local wine cellars were the big original wooden wine presses. Today 5 of them are found in Dobšice. The other presses were destroyed as the more modern presses take much les space. The biggest preserved old press in Dobšice is the press with an arm 9m long with a timber 57×57 cm and marked with the year 1739. It is found in the cellar opposite to the Smithery Švajka. We can presume that such an investment was affordable only for a wine-maker with a long family tradition and so the cellar existed far long before production of the giant press. The local inhabitants were the Germans and Czechs, before the war there was more Germans. These two national groups had no trouble between each other until the Nazi came and they used to help each other when digging cellars. The cellar corridors were dug mainly in winter when there was no work on the fields. Cellars varied a lot. Some are only 2,5 m wide, 2,2 m high and up to 200 m long, others have many side corridors and recesses. Other type of a cellar is 5m wide with a height up to 5m, but these cellars are not really long. One thing is common for all of them – they were hand-dug (or scraped by hoes) in sandstone. According to the legend some cellars were connected for the air raid protection. Today the connecting passages are bricked. The preserved legends say that top quality sandstone material dug from the cellars was exported to Vienna where it was used for stucco of palaces and significant buildings.

Wine cellars and wine tasting has been always popular among the weekend tourists from Znojmo. On nice days the local wine-makers opened their cellars, put several tables outside and offered wine to tourists.

The biggest Dobšice wine-maker before the 2nd World War was the Czech-German Andrle family, who used to buy grapes from the local small wine-growers. They only kept wine for their own consumption. Wine cellar of the Andrle family still stands and is now a reconstructed seat of the Hort Winery. This family, originally from Hrotovice, used to own the abolished Black Bear (Ćerný medvěd) Hotel at the TGM Square in Znojmo.

The original inhabitants of Dobšice used to use wine also for mixing a drink called “špric” or “légrák” – today “spritzer” – i.e. wine mixed with water.* This drink was used during work on the fields as it quenched the thirst in the hottest days and also wine that wasn’t really good quality was good enough for this drink.

* in today’s wine jargon the word “légr” means sediment (lees, crust) that appears during the wine self-cleaning at the bottom of barrels, which is today discharged.

After the Germans were forced to move from the region, there were many wine cellars without owners who had to leave all the wine behind. At that time groups of men used to raid the abandon cellars and from those days comes the phrase “to drink a cellar out”.

Sale of wine: A wide spectrum of wine is offered – from cheapest up to predicate – vintage, straw, ice wine etc. You can also order it and it will be delivered to you in special packing.

We can also offer a wine-tasting of circa 12 wine samples, supervised by experienced sommelier. After tasting you can purchase tasted wine on the spot.

Penzion Černý sklep v Dobšicích hodnocení